Bamboo basketry is one of the oldest crafts practiced all over India according to availability but vary in shapes and forms. Weaving pattern differs from place to place and as per the quality of bamboo and skills of the artisan. Ringal or dwarf bamboo available in local forests of Uttarakhand is very flexible in nature.
Bamboo craft is practiced in many places of Uttarakhand due to abundant availability of rich quality and variety of species of bamboo in local forests. Among the species of bamboo, Ringal is one of the finest bamboo species.
Bamboo is a tall perennial grass found in the tropical and sub-tropical region of the world. The bamboo stems, which are called as Culms, are cylindrical, woody and jointed. Majority of the species are hollow when grown in moist, fertile climates and small and solid in dry, sandy soils. They have ability to stand in dry as well as cold climates. Some grow even at an altitude as high as 3000 meters.
Local bamboo artisans make a variety of household bamboo products with tender bamboo splits. These products are very strong and suitable for multiple uses. Containers, storage, mats, baskets, winnows ( sieve used when the crop is harvested to clear impurities in grains) are made to cater local needs.
Tender bamboo is cut and the splits are used to weave the baskets of different shapes and sizes. The artisan meticulously creates different patterns and forms of bamboo products by changing the weaving patterns. The style of weaving also helps in ensuring durability and gives strength and stiffness to the product.