Aipan is one of the traditional forms of rangoIi of Kumaon and is practiced in the state of Uttarakhand. It is a decorative art form used extensively to decorate floors and walls at the places of worship and entrances of homes.
This art is associated with a great degree of social, cultural as well as religious significance. Also the art of Aipan is passed from generation to generation by passing on the patterns from mothers to their daughters and daughters-in-law in the family.
Some Aipans are drawn mainly before the performance of rituals while others are for appeasing a particular God or Goddess and a few are drawn purely for aesthetic purposes. Aipan designs are mainly drawn at places of worship, main entrance to a home and the front courtyard of a home. Some of the patterns are significant from religious point of view and are made especially at the time of ceremonies like marriages, thread ceremony, naming ceremony, etc.
Aipan patterns and motifs are typical to the region of Kumaon. For the Kumaonis each deity in the hindu pantheon has a special symbol and every occasion demands an Aipan of different kind. Every Aipan design has a particular meaning attached to it. Some of the common Aipan design are Laxmi Chauki, Saraswati Chauki, Swastik, Vivah Chauki, Astkamal, Jyoti Patta, Janeu Chauki etc.
To promote and organise the Aipan sector as a means of self employment to the artisans that M/s. Almora Aipan Shilpkala Swayatta Sahkarita was established in 2015. It promotes its products in the name of ChaeliAipan.